Epidermolysis Bullosa

These diseases are characterized by the formation of blisters, being the extension related to the subtype of EB.

In addition to the blisters on the skin, the oral and esophageal mucosae, the teeth (hypoplasia of enamels, cavities, loss of teeth), nails (with anonychia) and hair (hypotrichosis and alopecia) can be affected. .

Other cutaneous lesions, such as milium and pseudosyndactyly of fingers and toes, may be observed.

Some more severe cases may also present anemia, malnutrition and even esophageal stenosis.

The main triggers for bullous formation are mechanical traumas.

Tight clothing and clothes made with rough fabrics and some shoes can be harmful.

Some types of food can damage the wall of the esophagus, especially those of very hardened consistency.

Besides, improper wound care may lead to skin infections, which can aggravate the condition.

Information about Epidermolysis Bullosa

Definition and transmission

It is a group of rare diseases in which blisters appear on the skin, from any trauma (from falling, by scratching, and wearing tight clothes and shoes). They may appear right at birth or in the first years of life. They are not contagious diseases and are usually transmitted from parents to children.


There are several types of the disease, some with the formation of many blisters and others with fewer ones. Some types can also affect the mouth, eyes, esophagus, teeth, nails, hair and joints. Some forms of epidermolysis can evolve with sticky fingers, anemia, malnutrition and wound infection.

Care and Treatment

They must be guided by physicians and specialized healthcare professionals. It is recommended to wear loose and soft clothes and shoes, without internal seams and which do not hurt. Avoid hardened consistency foods, which can hurt when swallowed. Bathing must be daily and, if necessary, analgesics may be prescribed. Frequent wound dressings, with non-adherent (non-stick) materials, including those for fingers and toes, are recommended.

Social Life

The children must be encouraged to live with other children and adults, attend school, and play carefully. As the disease is not contagious, there are no restrictions on attending public places.

The Reality of Epidermolysis Bullosa

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